Rabbit Advocacy Animal Matters

 

Provincial and Territorial Legislation Concerning Farm Animal Welfare (Source: CFIA)

Canadian provinces and territories have the primary responsibility for protecting the welfare of animals, including farm animals. All provinces and territories have laws in respect to animal welfare. Provincial and territorial legislation and regulations tend to be general in scope, covering a wide range of animal welfare interests. Some provinces and territories have regulations that govern specific aspects of animal welfare or are related to certain species.

The Criminal Code of Canada prohibits anyone from wilfully causing animals to suffer from neglect, pain or injury. The Criminal Code is enforced by police services, provincial and territorial Societies for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals and/or provincial and territorial ministries of agriculture. 

The roles of the provinces and territories are described below. Date modified: 2013-08-15

The following acts and regulations provide protection for farm animals in British Columbia.

o   protects all farm animals, excluding wild animals, from distress during any activity, excluding generally accepted practices of animal management

o   enforced by police officers and the British Columbia Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals

o   apply to dairy cattle during handling and milking

o   enforced by inspectors designated by the Ministry of Agriculture and Lands

o   require adequate housing for poultry

o   enforced by inspectors designated by the Ministry of Agriculture and Lands

o   apply to most farm animals during slaughter

o   enforced by the Ministry of Healthy Living and Sport

The following acts and regulations provide protection for farm animals in Alberta.

o   applies to all animals during any activity, excluding generally accepted practices of animal management, husbandry and slaughter

o   enforced by Peace Officers with an appointment issued by the Solicitor General's office for the Animal Protection Act, Royal Canadian Mounted Police officers and members of municipal police services

o   apply to farm animals whose meat is intended for human consumption

o   enforced by police officers and inspectors designated by the Ministry of Agriculture

o   provide the standards of care and slaughter for game animals and the standards for velvet antler removal

o   enforced by inspectors designated by the Ministry of Agriculture

The following acts and regulations provide protection for farm animals in Saskatchewan.

o   protects all animals from being in distress

o   states that an animal is not considered to be in distress if it is handled in a manner consistent with generally accepted practices of animal management or standard or code of practice

o   enforced by an animal protection officer, which includes by definition a member of the RCMP, municipal police service or a person appointed as an animal protection officer

o   protect any farm animal, including fertilized ova, fish and bees during production, manufacture, sale, purchase and transport

o   outline the licensing and conduct of persons dealing in livestock, and respecting the methods of reporting and payment for livestock

o   provide protection to vendors of livestock when selling livestock to a licensed dealer

o   enforced by the Minister of Agriculture and appointed inspectors

o   provide for inspection and detention of animals being transported in the province and for export to confirm ownership

o   outline criteria for transporting livestock

o   enforced by the Minister of Agriculture and appointed inspectors

o   license persons dealing in egg and egg products

o   define grade standards

o   prescribe the manner and conditions of grading, inspection, packaging, marketing, advertising, branding and labelling

o   prescribe the standards of construction of equipment, maintenance and operation of facilities

o   outline methods for the reporting of, and paying for, eggs and egg products

o   enforced by the Minister of Agriculture and appointed inspectors

The following acts and regulations provide protection for farm animals in Manitoba.

o   apply to most farm animals during all activities including transport, excluding generally accepted practices

o   enforced by the Office of the Chief Veterinarian, special animal protection officers and police officers

The following acts and regulations provide protection for farm animals in Ontario.

o   General Regulation

o   Pounds Regulation

o   Research Facilities and Supply Facilities Regulation

o   Transportation Regulation

  protect farm animals used in research, teaching, testing

  protect animals at supply facilities for research

  regulate municipal pounds

  enforced by the Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs

o   Disposal of Deadstock Regulation

  require humane destruction and prohibits moving most fallen farm animals

  enforced by inspectors as appointed by the Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs

o   Meat Inspection Regulation

  applies to most farm animals during slaughter

  enforced by inspectors as appointed by the Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs

o   applies to most farm animals during sale

o   enforced by inspectors as appointed by the Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs

o   provides for euthanizing compromised farm animals at auction

o   enforced by inspectors as appointed by the Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs

o   govern the horse racing industry, including the treatment of the farm animals involved

o   enforced by Racing Commission Investigators

o   General Regulation

  protect most farm animals from distress during any activity

  enforced by the Ontario Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals and police officers

o   Standards of Care Regulation

  establishes standards of care for farm animals

  enforced by the Ontario Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals and police officers

o   Hunting Exemption Regulation

  enforced by the Ontario Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals and police officers

The following acts and regulations provide protection for farm animals in Quebec.

o   applies to most farm animals

o   permits agriculture, teaching and research as long as generally accepted agricultural practices are followed

o   enforced by inspectors and veterinarians appointed by the Quebec Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food

o   provide standards relating to transporting, holding and slaughtering farm animals, as well as facility sanitation

o   enforced by inspectors and veterinarians appointed by the Quebec Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food

o   protect farm animals subject to auction

o   enforced by inspectors and veterinarians appointed by the Quebec Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food

o   protect most farm animals kept in captivity

o   enforced by wildlife protection officers of the Quebec Department of Natural Resources and Wildlife

The following acts and regulations provide protection for farm animals in Prince Edward Island.

o   protect all farm animals from distress during any activity, excluding generally accepted practices of animal management, husbandry or slaughter

o   enforced by inspectors appointed by the Ministry of Agriculture

The following acts and regulations provide protection for farm animals in Nova Scotia.

o   addresses destroying diseased animals, quarantine, vaccination, and testing

o   enforced by inspectors designated by the Ministry of Agriculture

o   protects all animals during any activity, excluding generally accepted practices of animal management husbandry or slaughter

o   enforced by inspectors designated by the Ministry of Agriculture

o   protect most farm animals during slaughter

o   enforced by inspectors designated by the Ministry of Agriculture

o   prohibits displaying or selling artificially coloured living chickens

o   enforced by the Department of Agriculture

The following acts and regulations provide protection for farm animals in Newfoundland and Labrador.

o   protects all domestic animals, adopts codes of practice and allows for increased monetary penalties

o   enforced by police officers and inspectors appointed by the Minister, which may include provincial and municipal employees as well as non-governmental agencies

o   protects farm animals during holding and slaughter

o   enforced by the Department of Government Services

The following acts and regulations provide protection for farm animals in New Brunswick.

o   protect any farm animal during any activity

o   enforced by the New Brunswick Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals and police officers

o   provide protection for chicks during housing

o   enforced by inspectors designated by the Minister of Agriculture

The following acts and regulations provide protection for farm animals in the Northwest Territories.

o   protects most farm animals during housing (fencing)

o   enforced by officers appointed by the Commissioner

The following acts and regulations provide protection for farm animals in Nunavut.

o   protects most farm animals during housing (fencing)

o   enforced by officers appointed by the Commissioner

The following act provides protection for farm animals in Yukon.

o   protects all farm animals from distress and cruelty during any activity

o   enforced by the Yukon Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals and police officers